Central AC Repair for Homes with Central Air Conditioning

How to Save on Central Air Conditioning

The heat of the summer can definitely send electricity bills through the roof. Air conditioning units also work harder during the summer since most homes tend to dial down their thermostats to ensure that their homes are comfortable enough to withstand the heat of the sun.

But along with the desire to keep things cooler around the home is the desire of every homeowner to keep his electricity bill down. But can this be possible? Would it be possible to keep electricity costs from skyrocketing during the unbearable heat of the summer months?

Ceiling fans can help households save much on electricity especially during the summer months.

While most homeowners do understand that electricity bills are higher in the summer months, most still strive to keep bills within reach. What they aim is an increase in billing that is not too high, but does not sacrifice comfort at all. So how can a household save on central air conditioning?

Tips on Saving on Central Air Conditioning Costs

Seal what can be sealed

The air outside the house is hot, the air inside the house is cool. And when the hot air penetrates the home through leaks in the doors, windows, and even in the gaps within the home structure, one can be sure that the central air conditioning unit will be working doubly hard to keep things cool inside the home. And when the air conditioning unit works doubly hard, one can be sure that the bill will definitely go up.

So what to do? Close doors when they do not need to be opened. Seal gaps in the windows and doors. Check the weatherstripping and caulking to make sure that there are no existing gaps where air can get through. Caulk and weatherstrip the gaps that are at least a quarter of an inch so that the cool air would not escape, and hot air could not penetrate inside the house. Reliable Standard Heating & Air Service

Drapes are a best friend

Use heavy drapes and curtains over windows that get a lot of sunshine. Keep the sun out from the house so that it will be easier for the air conditioning to cool the whole home. Having sunlight inside the home would make the air conditioner work harder since the heat gets inside the home.

Use Fans around the Home

Ceiling and Electric Fans can be very useful in moving the cool air around the home. It also helps people who are feeling too warm especially coming from outside the house to feel cooler. Install ceiling fans in rooms that could use more cooling. Have fans around the home so that the air conditioning unit would not have to work harder and consume more electricity just to produce cooler air.

Adjust the temperature before leaving

When nobody is home, just set the air conditioning thermostat to a higher temperature setting of up to 85F so that the air conditioning unit would not have to unnecessarily work hard to cool an empty home. It will help to ensure that the curtains are closed so that the heat outside will not penetrate then home.

A programmable thermostat can come in handy so that the HVAC can be automatically adjust its temperature when no one is around the house. The inconvenience of waiting for the whole home to cool upon getting home will definitely be worth the savings on electricity.

Turn off the Lights when not needed

Lightbulbs emit unnecessary heat. It is best to turn off all lightbulbs that are not needed especially during the day time. This is because when bulbs heat a home, the air conditioning work harder, and the electricity bill goes up further not just because of the AC but also because of the unnecessary use of lights. United Association

Lower the temperature when it gets cooler

At night time when temperature considerably drops, it will also be best to turn up the temperature at home. Use the lowest setting if that is comfortable and just use the fans to help get the cooler air around the home.

Dress Comfortably

Dressing in cotton clothes, sleeveless shirts, and even a pair of shorts could be much more comfortable during the summer. Dress indoors as well in the same way so that the air conditioning system would not have to work harder unnecessarily. This will help lower bills in the summer months.

Keep the Central Air Conditioning Unit Well Maintained

Routine maintenance is crucial in ensuring that the central air conditioning unit is working in optimal condition and is not consuming more energy than it should. It is best to have the unit professionally inspected at least once a year so that the outer unit and the vents can be professionally cleaned and maintained. Periodic checks also ensure a better longevity for the HVAC system since it nips possible issues in the bud.

Lowering the electric bill during the summer months may not be entirely possible due to the increase in the demand for electricity, but the additional consumption can be in more manageable levels when following the above mentioned tips.


Independent Living for Persons with Disabilities in San Diego

Disabled individuals have a unique set of needs. This is true in most aspects of their day to day life, and usually special assistance or a special set-up is required for them to live their lives independently.

In San Diego, there are arrangements that can be made to help persons with disabilities live independently. The Arc of San Diego for instance provides such service that aims to assist persons with intellectual disabilities live on their own.

Disabled individuals can live independently in San Diego. (Photo Credits)

“The Arc of San Diego’s Independent Living Services (ILS) supports people with intellectual disabilities in their desire to live on their own and be an active part of their local community. Independent Living Professionals work one-on-one with each individual, providing direction and guidance based on each person’s needs. Together, we identify resources and teach independent living skills essential to improving the quality of one’s life. This includes assisting individuals with paying the rent and bills, cooking healthy meals, using public transportation, and accessing medical and dental services. “

Check out the rest of the services that they provide here.

San Diego Assisted living for PWDs

Towards Maximum Independence is yet another service that helps San Diego residents with disabilities live an independent life. In their homepage, the non-profit organization also enumerated the other services that they offer.

“Toward Maximum Independence (TMI) is dedicated to assisting children and adults with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities such as autism, Down syndrome, and cerebral palsy, as well as the deaf and hard of hearing, to live, work and participate in their community. Our services are available throughout San Diego, Riverside and Imperial Counties and include Employment Solutions, Community Living and Family Support Services. As a licensed Resource Family Agency (RFA), TMI also provides resource family placements for youth with special needs.”

Take a look at their other services here.

Independent Living

Another Independent Living Service for PWDs in San Diego is the Home of Guiding Hands. This specific community is both for persons with disabilities (both physical and intellectual), as well as for seniors.

“HGH is one of the largest providers of residential services for people with developmental disabilities in San Diego. HGH uses a whole person approach to service provision; we consider and address the physical, mental, and spiritual needs of the individuals we support. Using a structured teaching approach, our support staff provides stimulating learning environments for individuals to develop cognitive concepts, communication, social and daily living skills. We strive for promoting and enhancing their personal well-being through a range of community-based activities and training programs.”

Read more about HGH from their website here.

In San Diego, even persons with disabilities can live independently through the help of non-profit groups that aim to help them lead normal lives.


Resources for Children with Disabilities in San Diego

Families with Children with Disabilities need special assistance and care from their community. San Diego helps special need families through special benefits and of course providing for other needs they may have in accordance to their rights and enacted laws.

The Arc of San Diego is a non-profit corporation that helps special need children and their families through day programs that will foster learning and social skills. More information has been posted in their website.

Resources for Children with Disabilities in San Diego
San Diego Families of children with Special Needs also receive assistance from both the government and non-profit organizations. (Photo Credits)

“The Arc of San Diego, a private, not-for-profit corporation, is one of the region’s largest human-service agencies. We provide an extensive array of services to people with disabilities in San Diego County. Founded in 1951 by a determined group of parents and other community members who were concerned about the lack of services available for children with intellectual disabilities, Arc blends a long history of service with a national reputation for success. Today, we are guided by the same sense of purpose and dedication that inspired those parents 60 years ago.”

Check out the rest of the information here.

Special Needs Families

The Exceptional Family Resource Center is yet another treasure throve of information for San Diego families with disabled children. In their website, they emphasized that they help empower San Diego Special Needs families as they go through their day to day lives.

“The mission of the Exceptional Family Resource Center (EFRC) is to provide support, information and education for families of children with disabilities and the professionals who assist these families. By offering emotional support and factual information, EFRC enables families to help their children reach their fullest potential. All children with disabilities will be given the opportunity to live with a supported and empowered family, fully participating within their community. Every community will be enriched by the inclusion of people with diverse abilities. EFRC offers family centered services, emphasizing parent choice, confidentiality and collaboration.”

The rest of the information can be found here.

Down Syndrome

Families of children with Down Syndrome also receive community support in the San Diego area. The Down Syndrome Association of San Diego is one of the support groups that is based in the county, and it has helped a lot of families deal with the mental disability of their loved one.

DSA is the lead organization on Down syndrome in San Diego County, serving more than 1000 families and professionals. Throughout the years, DSA has established numerous community partners who support and augment services for families, and enrich the lives of people with Down syndrome. DSA is actively engaged in key local, state and national initiatives, influencing policy and practices that impact health care, education and social service programs.”

Check out the rest of the information here.

Families of disabled children in San Diego indeed receives support from both the government and the private sector.

Disability Benefits in San Diego

One of the ways disabled individuals get to enjoy their rights is through the benefits that are provided to them. In San Diego there are disability benefits made available to all disabled residents of the county.

The website Disability Benefits Help is providing assistance in the area of San Diego by providing a portal of resources for those wanting to know more about the benefits available to them. Here are some information that they have in their landing page.

Disability Benefits in San Diego
Disability benefits in San Diego. (Photo Credits)

“To qualify for Social Security disability in San Diego, you’ll need to show the Social Security Administration (SSA) that you’re unable to perform any job on a full-time basis due to illness or injury. You’ll also need to prove that this has lasted, or is expected to last, for at least a year. Applying for Social Security Disability benefits is relatively easy, and can be done at your local San Diego Social Security office, via phone, or online at the SSA’s website.”

Take a look at their website here.

Non-Profit Groups

The Disability Rights Advocates is meanwhile a group of advocates that provide legal helps for disabled individuals nationwide, including those based in the San Diego area. According to their webpage their 20-year organization has taken on more than 400 cases that helped improve the lives of disabled individuals.

“DRA represents people with disabilities whose civil rights have been violated. It identifies and dismantles barriers in partnership with a broad network of local and national client organizations, representing people with the full spectrum of disabilities, including mobility, sensory, cognitive, and psychiatric. DRA represents these organizations in complex, system-change class-action cases. DRA never charges its clients for representation.”

Read more here.

Private Law Firms

Gerald Brody and Associates meanwhile shared some useful information on the disability benefits provided to San Diego residents. In one of their online articles, they also shared the difference between the benefits of temporarily disabled and those that are permanently disabled.

“Permanent disability (PD) is any lasting disability that results in reduced earning capacity. PD is identified after a doctor determines that your injury has become Permanent and Stationary (P&S), meaning no change is likely. If your on-the-job injury results in PD, you are entitled to PD benefits, even if you are able to go back to work. PD benefits are limited.  The amount you receive will be determined by your disability rating (determined by a rating specialist from the Disability Evaluation Unit), the date of your injury, and your average weekly wages before you were injured.”

Read the continuation here.

Disabled individuals can indeed lead a good life in San Diego because of the benefits provided for its residents.

Disability Rights Advocacy Groups in San Diego

Persons with Disability need solid support in order to continue living the life that they deserve. One of the solid support that they can rely on are local advocacy groups that further their cause, and ensure that their rights are preserved.

In San Diego, there are local disability rights advocacy group that ensure that the needs of the disabled community in the county are met. One of these groups is Disability Rights California – San Diego Office. In their official website, they mentioned about the services that they provide to disabled individuals, pro-bono, plus information for those who may want to volunteer to their cause.

Disability Support Groups in San Diego. (Photo Credits)

“Disability Rights California works to bring about fairness and justice for people with disabilities by filing individual and class action lawsuits, providing information to clients about disability rights issues, and helping build peer/self advocacy groups and community partnerships. We are committed to ensuring that people with disabilities have the right to live in the most integrated settings, as required by the ADA and U.S. Supreme Court in its Olmstead decision. Disability Rights CA has five offices, including one in San Diego that serves clients in 4 southern counties. We help adults and children with disabilities regarding special education, public benefits, health and mental health services, housing, juvenile justice, and discrimination in housing and employment.”

Check out their official homepage here.

Local Chapters of National Disability Groups

There are also local chapters for country-wide disability groups that serve disabled San Diego residents. The American Civil Liberties Union is a group that served the San Diego and Imperial Counties.

“As a nonpartisan organization committed to fulfilling the aspirations of the Bill of Rights, the ACLU of San Diego and Imperial Counties believes in: (1) The innate equality and dignity of every human being; (2) The principled, non-partisan defense of fundamental rights; (3)  Informed, engaged, and empowered communities; (4) Authentic partnerships and collaborative relationships; (5) “Equity” as an integral part of all we do.”

Take a look at their official website here.

Disability Support Groups

Another Disability Support Group serving the San Diego community is Civil Rights Law Firm Potter Handy. In their official webpage they claimed that they represent persons with disabilities who would like to ensure that they get full and equal access to the rights that they have.

“The Center for Disability Access (CDA — a division of Potter Handy, LLP) has represented hundreds of persons with disabilities who have been discriminated against on the basis of their disability. We have been litigating disability access cases since 1996. There is no firm that has had a bigger impact on disability access law. CDA has an impressive list of pivotal, published opinions to its credit, including numerous Ninth Circuit, California appellate court and California Supreme Court decisions.”

Check out more information about Potter Handy here.

Disability support groups are indeed very present in the San Diego community.


Caring for Persons with Disability after a Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgery procedures require special care following the operation. This should be observed all the more for families of persons with physical or intellectual disabilities who would have to undergo plastic surgery. This is because they will be the primary caregiver of their loved one post-op.

Caring for Persons with Disability after a Plastic Surgery
Post cosmetic surgery care is important in ensuring the successful results of the procedure. Families of physically or intellectually disabled persons should help the patient recover fully from their operation. (Photo Credits)

Webmd.com shared some tips on how to go about post cosmetic surgery care. Such tips will be best observed by the disabled patient with the help of his family or carer.

“Let your wounds heal. No matter how tempted you are to pick at your peeling skin or scabs after cosmetic surgery in an effort to speed your recovery — don’t. You could increase your likelihood of infection or scarring. Hydrate, hydrate, hydrate. Whether you’ve had a minor procedure or an all-out surgery, drinking six to eight glasses of water a day will help rejuvenate your skin from the inside out and flush any toxins from your system.”

Check out the rest of the tips here.

After Plastic Surgery Care

Consumer Guide to Plastic Surgery meanwhile shared healthy recovery tips that can guide families in taking care of their disabled family member post plastic surgery.

“If you have had surgery to the head or neck, such as a brow lift or neck lift, it is important to keep the area elevated for several days following your surgery. By doing this, it will help reduce the swelling and increase the recovery process without compromising the results. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight. Use sunblock with proper UV protection to protect your skin.”

The rest of the tips can be found here.

Maintaining the Results

The American Board of Cosmetic Surgery meanwhile shared pieces of advice on how to maintain the results of a cosmetic procedure. Family members of an intellectually disabled person can help the patient follow these tips to maintain the optimal results of the cosmetic procedure they underwent.

“Immediately after your procedure, proper care makes a big difference in scarring. And as time goes by, great skin care will help your results look as good or better than ever. First off, scarring is a necessary aspect of many surgeries and while your surgeon will take care to place your incisions where they can be most easily hidden, making sure they heal optimally and fade nicely over time is partially in your hands. First, it is critical to follow any postoperative activity restrictions; these rules will help you avoid straining your scars, which could cause them to become wider or more visible. Secondly, be sure to protect your incisions in the sun, keep the area clean, and use the topical scar care creams and ointments recommended by your doctor.”

The original article can be found here.

Cosmetic surgery requires careful post-operative care to maintain results. Families of disabled ( both physical and intellectual) who have underwent this procedure needs to help their family member to observe these post-operative care guidelines.

How a Disabled Person Can Prepare for Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgery needs preparation not just from the doctor and the clinic side, but also from the patients. More so if the patient is intellectually or physically disabled. More preparations will be needed on his part and that of his family.

So how should a physically or an intellectually disabled person be prepared for his cosmetic or plastic surgery?

How a disabled person can prepare for plastic surgery
How can families prepare their disabled loved one for a plastic or cosmetic surgery? (Photo Credits)

The UK National Health Service has shared in their website pre-plastic surgery preparations that should guide families of disabled patients.

“Step 1: Fasting before surgery – On the day of your plastic surgery you will have to fast before surgery for a minimum of six hours so that your stomach is empty to reduce the risk of complications. Step 2: Seeing your plastic surgeon and anaesthetist – You will be seen by your Royal Free London plastic surgeon either the night before surgery or on the day. It may be necessary to mark some lines on you while you are awake. Marking is extremely important for two reasons. First, a mark may be used to identify the correct side for plastic surgery. Second, it might be necessary to mark you so that points on your body can be easily identified when you are asleep.”

Read the rest of the preparatory steps here.

 Dietary preparations for plastic surgery

Huffpost meanwhile shared dietary preparations that should be observed by those who will undergo plastic surgery. Families of disabled individuals should look into these as these will be the ideal diet of their disabled family member prior to undergoing their cosmetic procedure.

“Eliminate unhealthy fat intake. Avoid margarine, deep fried foods and foods with trans-fat and saturated fat. (2) Increase your intake of monounsaturated oils. Use extra virgin olive oil, walnut, canola or flaxseed oils. (3) Eliminate the unhealthy “white” carbs. Avoid refined flours, sugars, white rice and foods high on glycemic index.”

Read the continuation here.

Food items to be avoided before surgery

Families of persons with disabilities should likewise watch out on the dietary restrictions for their disabled family member who will be undergoing plastic or cosmetic surgery. Livestrong.com shared these types of food in one of their blog posts.

Vegetables and fruits are also high in fiber and should be avoided 24 hours before surgery. According to the MayoClinic website, fiber is not easily digested by your body and it stays intact in your intestines. This residue material in your gut may complicate some types of surgeries. You should avoid high-fiber vegetables such as artichokes, peas and broccoli. Do not eat fruits including raspberries, pears, apples and oranges. If you do eat vegetables and fruits before surgery, consume varieties that have been cooked or canned.”

Check out the rest of the list here.

There are indeed a handful of preparation that should be done prior to surgery. It is important that families of disabled individuals be aware of this to help ensure a successful procedure.

How Disabled Persons Can Benefit from Plastic Surgery

Plastic Surgery can be beneficial to disabled persons. For those with physical disabilities, this may mean that they can function normally like any ordinary person.

How Disabled Persons Can Benefit from Plastic Surgery
Disabled persons can benefit from plastic surgery. (Photo Credits)

UK-Based Prague Medical Institute has shared information on how plastic surgery can benefit people with physical disabilities. In their article, they mentioned that this may be a heavily debated topic but surgical reconstruction can be advantageous to the disabled individual. In the same write-up they enumerated plastic surgery methods that can be conducted on disabled persons.

“Webbed Fingers Plastic Surgery:  In case of birth abnormalities including webbed fingers and toes can be treated with plastic surgery. Plastic surgery of Clubfoot: Clubfoot in which a child’s feet are deformed and twisted in a shape that the sole cannot be placed on the ground. Vision Improvement: Improving one’s vision through plastic surgery could have been a last thought on one’s mind, however it has become a reality by proof. Surgeons have successfully operated on eyelid corrections and resolved the faded vision disorders of patients all over the world.”

The rest of the physical conditions that can be treated by plastic surgery can be found here.

Disabled Children and Plastic Surgery

The Eye Magazine also shared an article on how children in Uganda benefit from Plastic Surgery. The surgeries they mentioned have been carried out at CoRSU Rehabilitation Hospital.

“Over 5,000 corrective Orthopaedic and Plastic Reconstructive surgical procedures and about 10,000 rehabilitation therapy treatments are performed at the CoRSU Rehabilitation Hospital every year, out of those, the 80% are children.”

Read the original article here.

Regaining Confidence

The British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons meanwhile published a write-up about a disabled actress who went through plastic surgery and how he has benefitted from it.

“Natasha was also born with an incurable genetic disorder called Spinal Muscular Atrophy, which means she’s wheelchair-bound and too weak to even lift a pint of milk. Her condition has clearly not stopped her from living life to the full: in recent years she met with cosmetic surgeon Graeme Perks to have liposuction and a mini-tummy tuck to relieve discomfort in that area, and was so pleased with the results that eventually she also opted for a boob job. Since then, like many of her female contemporaries in showbiz, she admits to the odd jab of Botox and even had her lips enhanced.”

Check out the rest of Natasha’s story here.

Cosmetic and plastic surgery can indeed be beneficial for persons with disabilities.

Disabled Children and Plastic Surgery

Intellectually Disabled Children undergoing Plastic Surgery may remain to be a controversial topic with the many opposing views that spring on the matter.

Uganda Online Publication, The Eye Magazine for instance published an article lauding the effects of Plastic Surgery on both intellectually and physically disabled children. The article focused on the children that have been treated at the Comprehensive Rehabilitation Services of Uganda or CoRSU Hospital.

Disabled Children and Plastic Surgery
Disabled children and plastic surgery remain to be a heated discussion. (Photo Credits)

“As a child and as a person, you are born with an inherent and healthy need to play, and that need does not exclude children with disabilities. Children with disability can often feel excluded from mainstream society. Consequently, they can feel that they do not fit in and are inferior.” Then the article went on to say, “At CoRSU we believe that this kind of inclusive play will help a child with physical disability to get a clear understanding of their physical differences from the others, develop an attitude of tolerance, become more accepting of other people’s attitudes, but most of all help them learn new languages.”

Read the original article from here.

Not so convinced

Some sectors on the other hand are not too convinced about letting children with disabilities undergo plastic or cosmetic surgery.

Online newspaper West or Welfare Society Territory meantime published a report on how a local committee in their area disagrees with plastic surgery on intellectually disabled children. ‘In particular, the Committee estimates that “aesthetic surgery on children with Down’s syndrome, aimed at adjustment to social canons of ‘normality’ cannot be considered as legitimate, especially when having a pervasive and painful component. This kind of surgery hardly brings benefits to people affected by the Down’s syndrome; it is instead more likely to increase patients’ personal unease.’ The contribution given by the most accredited Italian bioethics institution, certainly sheds light on a very delicate issue, concerning painful invasive operations on human beings.”

Check out the whole article here.

Plastic Surgery for the Disabled Child

WikiPedia explained that reconstructive plastic surgery can be done on children especially to those who may have congenital malformations that make them disabled. Their entry also explained how plastic, cosmetic and reconstructive surgery are undertaken on children.

“Pediatric plastic surgery is plastic surgery performed on children. Its procedures are most often conducted for reconstructive or cosmetic purposes. In children, this line is often blurred, as many congenital deformities impair physical function as well as aesthetics. Surgery is defined as treating injuries or conditions with operative instrumental treatment. Plastic is a derivative of the Greek word plastikos, which means ‘to build up’ or ‘to take form’. This is a logical prefix, as parts of the body are remade or reformed during most reconstructive and cosmetic surgical procedures. Children make up roughly 3% of all plastic surgery procedures, and the majority of these procedures correct a congenital deformity”

Read the rest of the explanations here.

Whether a parent should let his or her child undergo plastic or cosmetic surgery remains to be their own family’s decision. Careful consideration though has to be made on all the issues and factor surrounding the medical procedure.

Down’s Syndrome and Cosmetic Surgery

Parents of Children with Down Syndrome who have been considering plastic surgery for their child are now being bombarded with a lot of commentaries on the matter, pro or anti surgery that is.

DS-Health also published an article aiming to explain where the concept may have come from, and why this is being carried out to this day.

Down’s Syndrome and Cosmetic Surgery
Cosmetic surgery on kids with down syndrome is the subject of many heated debates. (Photo Credits)

“One of the more commonly shared characteristics of children with Down syndrome is the effect on facial features. The vast majority of children with Down syndrome have extra skin at the inner corners of the eyelids (“epicanthal folds”), slanting rather than horizontal eye openings (“slanted palpebral fissures”), and a flattened nasal bridge. They may also have a flattened mid-facial region and a downturned lower lip. Another common feature is a protruding tongue with an open mouth. In the 1970s, a group of people began recommending plastic surgery as a way to change the facial features common to Down syndrome. The surgeries can be categorized into two groups: surgeries aimed at reducing the size of the tongue, thus attempting to improve function of the tongue and reduce mouth breathing; and the surgeries aimed at improving the appearance of the face, called ‘facial reconstruction.’”

Read the continuation here.

Parents discuss plastic surgery on their children

Online Digital Library JSTOR shared an article on the Journal on Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities. The article was entitled “Parents Speak Out: Facial Plastic Surgery for Children with Down Syndrome.” The article basically discussed the thoughts of 250 families on the issue.

“Facial plastic surgery has been advocated as a way to improve the physical functioning, appearance and social acceptance of children with Down syndrome. However, there are also those opposed to this surgery due to concerns about its effectiveness, and potential physical and psychological risks. This qualitative study examined comments of 250 parents of children with Down syndrome and categorized their responses into positive and negative themes.”

Download a copy of the article here.

Discussions on Plastic Surgery and Children with Down Syndrome

Online Publication Welfare Society Territory meanwhile published a report on the stand of some sectors on performing cosmetic or plastic surgery on children with Down syndrome.

“Far from doing any moralism, the need or egoism of some parents when putting their children through painful surgery – meant to have them “normal” rather than looking at their happiness –  leaves a nasty taste in the mouth. There is no evidence, in fact, that plastic surgery improves the self-acceptance of a person or child affected by this syndrome. In contrast, the aspect mutation is often counter-productive for the development of their identity.”

Take a look at the rest of the write-up here.

Cosmetic surgery on children with Down syndrome may lead to heated discussions, but what it important is every family can decide for themselves on what they think is best for their child.

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